FODMAPs is an acronym for a collection of food molecules (mostly sugars) that are short-chained carbohydrates, both fermentable and poorly absorbed in the gut. If you haven’t heard the term “FODMAPs” thrown around at work or at the gym lately, you probably will soon enough. Essentially, FODMAPs stands for Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides and Polyols. These are specific sugars found in food, such as fructose, lactose, fructans, galactans, and polyols. Because they’re not absorbed completely by the human body, they’re easily fermented by gut bacteria and can cause significant gastrointestinal (GI) problems.